The distinctive lower garment worn by Burmese, which resembles the wraparound Malay sarong. Male longyis, known as pasoe, are usually subdued in color, often with a checked pattern (such as the Kachin-style longyi, which became associated with political activism during 1988), and the male wearer traditionally ties it in front. Women's longyis, known as thamein (or htamein), are more colorful, often skillfully woven (hand-woven longyis from Arakan [Rakhine] and Inle Lake are especially prized), and are tied at the side. Although sarong-type garments have been traditionally used through Southeast and South Asia, Burma is one of the very few countries where the majority of the people continue to wear them in preference to Western-style skirts or trousers; in fact, the term "men in trousers" is synonymous with the Tatmadaw.
   Upper garments for Burmese men include the traditional jacket, the tai bon, which is collarless and usually reddish-brown or tan in color. For everyday wear, a Western-style shirt or T-shirt often suffices. The traditional women's blouse, the ingyi, is usually plain, light-colored, and with long sleeves; Western-style blouses and T-shirts are also popular. For formal occasions, men often wear the gaung baung, a turbanlike head covering.
   Despite the country's traditional conservatism in dress, in part a consequence of its isolation from the outside world, Western clothes have become steadily more popular among the younger generation since 1988, especially in large cities like Rangoon (Yangon) and Mandalay. Models, movie stars, and rock groups are often the vanguard in this trend. The popularity of Western-style dress, although it is usually more modest than that found in neighboring countries, dismays the older generation. In mid-2004, university authorities established student dress codes, which mandate that students wear traditional longyi on campuses.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Longyi — (Burmese, pronounced|lòuɲdʒì; MYname|MY=|MLCTS=lum hkyany) is a sheet of cloth. It is approximately 2 m (6½ ft.) long and 80 cm (2½ ft.) wide. The cloth is often sewn into a cylindrical shape. It is worn around the waist, running to the feet. It… …   Wikipedia

  • Longyi — porté par un paysan birman Longyi est un terme générique birman désignant différentes pièces vestimentaires birmanes. En premier lieu, c’est un sarong, noué en triangle autour de la taille. Il fait aussi office de serviette, de ceinture, voire de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Longyi — A loin cloth native woven on hand looms in Burma, and worn by men and women. They are in many designs and qualities and all are about 34 in. to 36 in. wide and 72 in. long. Various names are given to the cloths according to the design. Such as… …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • Longyi — Birmanischer Mann mit Longyi Der Longyi ([lòuɲdʒì] (birmanisch – lum hkyany) auch Lontschi, Sarong, Wickelrock, ist ein traditionelles Kleidungsstück in Birma, das dem Sarong ähnelt. Für Männer wird er auch Paso und für Frauen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • longyi — noun a long piece of brightly colored cloth (cotton or silk) used as clothing (a skirt or loincloth or sash etc.) in India and Pakistan and Burma • Syn: ↑lungi, ↑lungyi • Hypernyms: ↑piece of cloth, ↑piece of material * * * ˈläŋˌyē variant of …   Useful english dictionary

  • longyi — /long yee/, n. lungi. * * * …   Universalium

  • longyi — long·yi …   English syllables

  • Akwet-Longyi — AKWET LONGYI, or PASO (Indian term) Check fabrics, plain weave, hand woven (see Longyi and Paso) …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • Bala-Longyi (Or Paso) — Silk fabrics of plain weaves made on Indian hand looms (see Longyi and Paso) …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • Sat-Longyi — Indian term for the longyi fabric when silk stripes are introduced. Usually the cloth is woven in check designs with crossover weft stripes in the same colours as the warp …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

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